Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

Nouns. Words that name a person, place, or thing, or concept—asshole, prison, crack pipe, white supremacy—are nouns.

Her slacks were ripped down the middle, and she stumbled, red-faced, to her bedroom to change.

Pronouns. A pronoun represents a noun or a noun phrase. All pronouns have antecedents—the noun they refer to.

I cannot bear the shame,” she sobbed. “It is too much for me to bear.”

Verb–a word used to assert action, state, or being:

Girl stabs boy. (action)
Girl feels happy. (state)
Girl is happy. (being)

Adjective–a word used to modify (describe, limit, or qualify) a noun or pronoun:

A small red pimple on a face may be uglier than the blackest blackhead.
(a, small, and red, modify pimple; a modifies face; uglier modifies face; the and blackest modify blackhead. A is an indefinite article; the is the definite article. pimple006.jpg

Adverb–a word used to modify a verb, adjective, or other adverb;

Alice sobbed softly. (the adverb softly modifies the verb sobbed.)
She was a nicely rounded woman. (The adverb nicely modifies the adjective rounded.
She choked very slowly. (The adverb very modifies the adverb slowly.)

Preposition–a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence:

The road to hell is usually paved with good intentions. (To hell functions as an adjective, modifying the noun road; with good intentions functions as an adverb, modifying the verb is paved.

Conjunction–a word used to connect words, phrases, or clauses

Assault and battery (connects words.)
of the people, by the people, and for the people (connects phrases.)
Paris Hilton is a great woman, though she will never be president. (connects clauses)

Interjection–an expression of emotion, unrelated grammatically to the rest of the sentence.
Hurray, we lost!
Dammit, she’s doinking Howie!

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